Increasing numbers of people beginning to migrate to cities to find work, instead of working in the countryside.
Nature of Work:A move towards the production of manufactures and industrial goods, rather than agricultural staples.
During the Middle Ages the middle class did not exist much, since the structure of European society bent heavily on the roots of feudalism and manorialism.
New medicinal advances. Germ theory.
The growth of cities led to horrible living conditions. The wealthy fared far better than the industrial workers because they could afford to live in the suburbs. However, for most of the factory workers, cities were dirty, crowded places where epidemics frequently broke out.
As early as 1850, many European cities were centres of industrial growth. By 1850, over 50% of the entire population of Great Britain lived in either a town or a city instead of in a rural community.
Early factories were extremely unsafe. People were going to work without safety regulations and with no protections in place.
The living conditions were horrible; working families often lived in slums with little sanitation, and infant mortality skyrocketed. During the early Industrial Revolution, 50% of infants died before the age of two. Short doc on industrial revolution at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OF7-vN-aLOM
The laissez-faire policy of the government – leave the market to its own devices and not interfere with the economy advocated by philosopher-economist Adam Smith meant the beginning of capitalism.
Socialism grew during the 1800s as a reaction to the Industrial Revolution. Its egalitarian nature, preaching more state influence, equal rights, and an end to inhumanity, stood strongly opposite individualism and laissez-faire. The industrialisation of Europe, left a permanent mark on society.
By the time that the Industrial Revolution really took hold, some artists were at differences with the ideals which it espoused, such as those of discipline, temperance, structure, and views of the Enlightenment. These feelings translated into the Romantic movement, which encouraged individualism, freedom, and emotion. Romantism, was probably the most important artistic movement to flourish during the Industrial Revolution.
The industrialisation was a massive shift in society. Today,we see another massive shift in society with the onset of the information age.
In this ted Talk, Herbert Hermann explores the impact of industrialisation.
He also illustrates that 3D printing will have a greater impact on society, and will lead to benefits for all members of society. The possibilty of creating a human organ. He explores how we are on the cusp of massive change. The impact of 3d printing is massive. Herbert explores the impact of industrialisation.