I just want to add another quick blog on early audio and culture, as a future reference for myself.
I want to briefly talk about 12 tone/Serialism, musique concrete, synthesisers and minimalism, what they basically were, main characters and what influence they played. This is because it is interesting and so as I have a quick reference guide here, not a deep exploration.
Equal importance to each keynote.
Atonal music, almost alien, quite dream-like
Boulez (an interesting character)
Ripping up the rulebook. More radical. A massive influence and still resonates in culture
This is a really good sound for a film clip, it’s like an old black and white film.
TAPE and MUSIQUE CONCRETE
Sound art. Tape manipulation (Paris). Synthesisers (Germany)
Ring modulators – 2 sounds mashed together. Filters changing frequencies.
Tape manipulation (pitched, sped up, slowed down, reversed etc)
Stockhausen was an interesting character. He decide to use 300 speakers together, he built it at a fair. He opened Sonic Arts in Belfast. Abstract sound.
Stowoski Put speakers at different heights, microphones in different positions. This was a milestone in pushing how we hear sound.
Hermann was a composer of movies in the 30’s and 40’s. Vertigo, psycho.
The introduction of dissonance. Unease, tension, repetition.
In the 50’s synthesisers were more affordable. In the 60’s they became more prevalent and adapted. Clockwork Orange.
John Carpenter made movie scores, eg Assault on Precinct ’13. He also influenced techno. A contemporary music pioneer. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=F3x2TGH2Sac
JOHN CARPENTER INTERVIEW (screamography)
Kickback against serialism. Repitition.
Influence (drum machine music)
Studied with Shoenberg. Had different, vital ideas eg car sounds, leaves. Multi-media, Participation. This is a really interesting interview with Cage. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pcHnL7aS64Y
He loved sound, just for what it was.