EVENTS IN THE 20TH CENTURY IN AUDIO AND CULTURE (PART 2)

I just want to add another quick blog on early audio and culture, as a future reference for myself.

I want to briefly talk about 12 tone/Serialism, musique concrete, synthesisers and minimalism, what they basically were, main characters and what influence they played. This is  because it is interesting and so as I have a quick reference guide here, not a deep exploration.

12 tone/Serialism

Equal importance to each keynote.

Strict rules.

Schoenberg https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NELOVT71prI&

Atonal music, almost alien, quite dream-like

Boulez (an interesting character)

Ripping up the rulebook. More radical. A massive influence and still resonates in culture

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0I7_oceeFMU&

This is a really good sound for a film clip, it’s like an old black and white film.

TAPE and  MUSIQUE CONCRETE

Sound art. Tape manipulation (Paris). Synthesisers (Germany)

Ring modulators – 2 sounds mashed together. Filters changing frequencies.

Contemporary Sound.

Tape manipulation (pitched, sped up, slowed down, reversed etc)

Stockhausen was an interesting  character. He decide to use 300 speakers together, he built it at a fair. He opened Sonic Arts in Belfast. Abstract sound.

 Stowoski Put speakers at different heights, microphones in different positions. This was a milestone in pushing how we hear sound.

 Hermann was a composer of movies in the 30’s and 40’s.  Vertigo, psycho.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=R_6euCUJ0Tg&

The introduction of dissonance. Unease, tension, repetition.

SYNTHESIS–BEGINNINGS

In the 50’s synthesisers were more affordable. In the 60’s they became more prevalent and adapted. Clockwork Orange.

John Carpenter made movie scores, eg Assault on Precinct ’13. He also influenced techno. A contemporary music pioneer.  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=F3x2TGH2Sac

JOHN CARPENTER INTERVIEW (screamography)

 Mininalism

Steve Reich

 Kickback against serialism. Repitition.

 Influence (drum machine music)

 JOHN CAGE

Studied with Shoenberg. Had different, vital ideas eg car sounds, leaves. Multi-media, Participation. This is a really interesting interview with Cage. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pcHnL7aS64Y

He loved sound, just for what it was.

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